本科大学英语(4)期末复习资料-阅读理解部分题型二:选择题

   题型二:选择题

  1. Review 1 P.85

  Health Trends

  A report published today by British doctors showed some worrying trends, but also some positive signs that in the long-term the country’s health might improve. The report was based on two years of interviews with family doctors about their patients.

  The doctors expressed concern that patients were eating too much and were generally overweight. The doctors said this was particularly worrying as they were seeing more and more young people with weight problems. But it was not just their patients eating too much concerned doctors, but the quality of the food as well.

  The doctors said that many of their patients led busy lives and did not have time to cook traditional meals. Because of this many of them were turning to unhealthy fast foods. Sales of this type of food have been increasing steadily over the last decade, although there were signs that the rate of growth is declining. The doctors felt that there was a clear link between over-consumption of fast food and health problems among their patients.

  But the report was not all bad news. The doctors interviewed also reported an increased awareness of the importance of healthy eating among their patients. Many reported an increase in the number of patients they see who had switched to a healthy organic diet.

  11. The report was .

  A. mainly bad news B. all bad news C. all good news

  12. Doctors are particularly concerned about .

  A. overweight people who lead busy lives

  B. people who don’t eat traditional meals

  C. young people who are overweight

  13. Few people are cooking traditional meals because .

  A. they don’t know how to

  B. they are buying organic food instead

  C. they are too busy

  14. At the moment sales of fast food .

  A. are growing rapidly B. are growing slowing C. are declining

  15. Doctors report that more of their patients .

  A. are aware of the importance of healthy eating

  B. don’t care about healthy eating

  C. are stopping eating fast foods

  2. Review 2 P.163

  In the past it was often noted that being close to a good school was an important factor when people were planning to buy a house. Being near to a train station was also important for people who needed to commute to work. Now a new factor has been added to the list that house buyers consider before choosing their new home: Internet access! Broadband Internet access is not available everywhere, but for an increasing number of people it is something they want or need. A survey of estate agents showed that questions about broadband Internet access were now common. As more people are able to work from home, the availability of fast Internet access is becoming as important as access to transport links. Except for a few people who are happy to pay for very expensive satellite Internet access, most people log onto the Internet using their telephone line or connections provided by cable TV companies, but not everywhere has cable TV or telephone lines that are able to support broadband connections. BT, the major British telephone company is improving its system, so everybody can have broadband access in the future, but this will take a few more years, especially to reach remote rural areas. Until then, remember to tell people if you have a broadband telephone connection when you sell your house—you might be able to charge more for it.

  11. In the past people were often concerned about .

  A. buying a house near a school

  B. buying a house near a train station

  C. buying a house near a school or a train station

  12. Broadband access is important for people who .

  A. work from home

  B. don’t have good transport links

  C. who work as estate agents

  13. In the UK you can access the Internet using .

  A. telephone lines, cable or satellite links

  B. telephone lines or cable

  C. telephone lines only

  14. BT is the .

  A. most important British cable TV company

  B. most important British telephone company

  C. most important British satellite company

  15. Broadband will .

  A. be available everywhere except for rural areas in the future

  B. be available everywhere including rural areas in the future

  C. never be available everywhere

  3. 第一次书面作业

  How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.

  The power of words, then, lies in their associations—the thing they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.

  Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

  11. The origin of language is _______.

  A. a legend handed down from the past B. a matter that is hidden or secret

  C. a question difficult to answer D. a problem not yet solved

  12. What is true about words?

  A. They are used to express feelings only. B. They cannot be written down.

  C. They are simply sounds. D. They are mysterious.

  13. The real power of words lies in their _______.

  A. properties B. characteristics

  C. peculiarity D. representative function

  14. By “association”, the author means _______.

  A. a special quality B. a joining of ideas in the mind

  C. an appearance which is puzzling D. a strange feature

  15. Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?

  A. He is no more than a master of words.

  B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.

  C. He can move men to tears.

  D. His style is always charming.

  4. 第二次书面作业

  A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man—the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.

  This attitude toward manual(体力的)labor is now still seen in many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously(豪华地)furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward, furthermore the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.

  11. From paragraph 1, we know that in America _______.

  A. people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man

  B. people can always rise to the top through their own efforts

  C. college professors win great respect from common workers

  D. people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors

  12. According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _______.

  A. servants in American are hard to get B. she takes pride in what she can do herself

  C. she can hardly afford servants D. It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food

  13. The expression “wait on table” in the second paragraph means “_______”.

  A. work in a furniture shop B. keep accounts for a bar

  C. wait to lay the table D. serve customers in a restaurant

  14. The author’s attitude towards manual(体力的)labor is _______.

  A. positive B. negative C. humorous D. critical

  15. Which of the following may serve as the best title of the passage?

  A. A Respectable Self-made Family. B. American Attitude toward Manual Labor.

  C. Characteristics of American Culture. D. The Development of Manual Labor.

  5. 教材《开放英语4》 Unit 19 / P. 10 Activity 10

  A Case Study: Desertification around the Gobi Desert

  The Gobi Desert, in the north of China, is now seven times bigger than Britain. China has large desert areas and much of its agricultural land is being threatened by desertification, which is getting worse. In addition, soil erosion has led to a huge loss of farmland and the drying up of rivers. Consequently, the livelihoods of 35 million people are being threatened. Furthermore it is even affecting cities. The nearest sand dune is less than 100 miles from Beijing, where unpleasant sandstorms are becoming more frequent. The worse the situation, the more pressure there is on the government to take action.

  The reasons for the changes are complex. It is clear that pollution of the air and water by factories is affecting the environment. Trees and other vegetation die, and so soil is eroded. The more trees that die, the less water is held in the earth. The need for wood for fuel and buildings leads to further deforestation, which causes further soil erosion. Local farmers find it more and more difficult to make a living. They end up using inefficient farming methods, which again leads to soil erosion.

  The Government is carrying out anti-desertification projects, including the creation of a forest belt around deserts. The tree-planting campaign, known as the Great Green Wall, is meant to protect Beijing from sandstorms. China hopes to control the expansion of desert land by the year 2010 and plans to establish a protected eco-system in desert areas by 2050.

  11. Britain is .

  A. one seventh of the size of the Gobi Desert

  B. 20% of the size of China

  C. as big as the Gobi desert

  12. The total desert area of China is .

  A. decreasing

  B. remaining constant

  C. increasing

  13. The trees die because .

  A. the soil is poor

  B. the air and water is polluted

  C. they get diseases

  14. The Chinese government is planting trees around .

  A. the deserts

  B. China

  C. Beijing

  15. The expansion of desert land .

  A. will definitely be controlled by 2010

  B. won’t he controlled by 2010

  C. should be controlled by 2010

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