本科大学英语(4)期末复习资料-阅读理解部分题型一:对错判断题

   第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

  题型一:对错判断题

  1. 教材《开放英语4》 Unit 27 / P. 124 Activity 2

  Net Becomes a British Way of Life

  The Internet has become a part of everyday life for most Britons, says a report published this week by market research company Netinfo.

  Just over 70% of people questioned for the survey said the net had become essential. The survey reveals that emailing friends and others is the nation’s favourite Internet activity. It also found that people spend an average of seven hours a week online, visiting 13 different websites in seven days. But 10% of all those who surf the net are doing it for more than 20 hours a week.

  Just over 2,000 adults in Britain were interviewed for the report. The study found almost 19 million people in the UK – four in ten adults – regularly went online. But the number of new users has slowed down. Numbers online grew by just 11% over the past 12 months, compared with 33% the previous year.

  The report also reveals the increasing importance of the silver surfer. According to the report, the number of older people online grew by more than 40% over the past year. People aged over 55 now make up 17% of the UK Internet population.

  The survey also discovered that many workers surf the net for personal reasons while at work. Almost three-quarters of workers with Internet access admitted using it for pleasure, usually to email friends and family. According to Bill Wills, author of the survey, many employees expect some flexibility, and most employers are willing to accept this. ‘However, employers are less likely to be understanding, if you’re downloading movies or introducing an unfriendly virus to your company network,’ he said.

  6. More than seven out of 10 people feel they can’t manage without the Internet.

  A. T B. F

  7. The most common use of the Internet is surfing the web.

  A. T B. F

  8. On average, people visit 13 websites a day.

  A. T B. F

  9. About 40% of adults use the Internet.

  A. T B. F

  10. There has been an increase in the number of new users.

  A. T B. F

  2. 教材《开放英语4》 Unit 29/ P. 149 Activity 1

  Is It Farewell to the Paperback?

  When Steven King published his book Riding the Bullet, around two million people downloaded it from the Internet within hours. It was the first time that an electronic book had done big business, and it was a wake-up call for the publishing industry.

  An electronic book, or e-book, is simply a version of a book that allows you to store and display it digitally. There are already thousands of classic and best-selling titles available on websites such as ebooks.com.

  E-book technology allows you to carry around a whole library in a small unit. You can also highlight a word to bring up its definition or increase the font size if you have bad eyesight. In fact, e-book readers are being developed for people who are visually impaired or dyslexic.

  Another advantage is that it lets you buy books in segments and carry them around easily, which should appeal to students. In fact, the University of South Dakota is planning to give hand-held devices to all its students to help them in their studies.

  However, for all this, the current e-book readers are unlikely to make it big. A recent report predicted sales of just 1.9 million in the next 5 years. And the reason? E-books are more difficult to read and they are just not as attractive as the printed word.

  6. The writer warns that the publishing industry should be ready for an important change.

  A. T B. F

  7. E-books are better than ordinary books because the letters are clearer.

  A. T B. F

  8. One advantage of e-books is that you can find the meanings of individual words easily.

  A. T B. F

  9. E-books are not good for people who find reading difficult.

  A. T B. F

  10. Sales of e-books are expected to increase rapidly in the future.

  A. T B. F

  3. 教材《开放英语4》 Unit 23 / P. 73 Activity10

  Poll Reveals TV News Too Negative

  A recent Time/CNN poll in the USA has discovered that 75% of people agreed that the news media is “sensationalist”, 63% found it “too negative” and 73% said they are “sceptical about the accuracy” of the news they are receiving.

  Local news programs in the USA are so dominated by stories of violence and crime that other topics like government, education and the environment are left with little airtime. Network broadcaster John Walters claimed, “This lack of information has resulted in negative feelings towards the media.”

  Crime reports, which often serve as lead stories, make up an average of 30.2% of news time on local TV news programs in the USA. Media researcher Bob Smith reported, “53% of crime reports are about murder, but it is one of the least frequently committed crimes.” Another media study revealed that 42% of all local TV news broadcasts are stories about crime, disaster and war.

  One possible reason for this is that local television news is ratings driven. Some market research suggests that viewers like to see stories of crime and violence, which increases the ratings of newscasts. Higher ratings mean higher advertising revenues. Mike Adams, a television executive, explained, “The increase in crime reports is because, on average, almost half the money a local station makes comes from news.”

  Many experts believe a steady diet of violence-oriented news broadcasts has serious effects. A spokesman for the National Television Violence Committee stated, “There are three main risks associated with viewing media violence. People learn aggressive behavior. They become desensitised to real-world violence. These lead to an increased fear of being a victim of violence, resulting in mistrust of others.”

  6. The majority of people polled think that the news media is accurate.

  A. T B. F

  7. There is not enough time to talk about a wider range of subjects on the news.

  A. T B. F

  8. 53% of all crimes committed are murders.

  A. T B. F

  9. Advertising companies invest in TV programs with high ratings.

  A. T B. F

  10. Some experts say that watching violence on TV can make people behave violently.

  A. T B. F

  4. 教材《开放英语4》 Unit 22 / P. 57 Activity 9

  Will English Always Be the Main Internet Language?

  The Internet’s ability to connect a wide range of cultures encourages variety. However, for the time being, English dominates online because from the start it was the lingua franca of cyberspace. Will this always be the case?

  Currently about 70% of Internet content is in English, but only about 44% of Internet users are native English speakers. Worldwide, native Spanish speakers outnumber native speakers of English online, and the number of native Chinese speakers is greater than both those groups put together.

  Statistics show that the situation is changing. For instance, three years ago 75% of web pages were in English, but that number has dropped to 50% today.

  Furthermore, Internet use among non-native speakers of English is growing at a faster rate than that of native English speakers. By 2003, the number of native English-speaking web users will have dropped to 29%, according to one estimate.

  As a result, some researchers say that the early predominance of English is going to decline. They say that English will keep a special role in connecting communities whose native languages are different, but in about 20 years’ time, Spanish, French, Arabic and Chinese will also have taken on this connecting role.

  If this is true, then monolingual native English speakers may be more likely to learn another language and also become bilingual, or even multilingual.

  6. English became the dominant Internet language because it is spoken in cyberspace.

  A. T B. F

  7. Over half of Internet content is in English.

  A. T B. F

  8. Less than half of Internet users have English as their first language.

  A. T B. F

  9. There are fewer native Spanish speakers than native English speakers online.

  A. T B. F

  10. There are more native Chinese speakers online than the combined number of native Spanish and English speakers.

  A. T B. F

  5. 第二次书面作业

  Agnes Miller was one of the earliest leaders of the women’s liberation movement in the United States. She was born on a farm in Missouri in 1892. She had a very happy life as a child. She was the only daughter and the youngest child of five. Her parents and her brothers always treated her as their favorite.

  In 1896 the family moved to Chicago. Three years later they moved back to St. Louis where Agnes spent the rest of her childhood. She enjoyed her years in school and was a very good student of mathematics. She was also quite good as a painter.

  It was when Agnes went off to college that she first learned that women were not treated as equals. She didn’t like being treated unequally but she tried not to notice it. After graduating from college she tried to get a job in her major field, physics. She soon found it was almost impossible for a woman.

  Agnes spent a full year looking for a job. Finally she gave up in anger. She began writing letters to various newspapers. An editor in New York liked her ideas very much. He especially liked her style. He asked her to do a series of stories on the difficulties that women had in finding a job. And there she began her great fight for equal rights for women.

  6. Agnes’ parents treated her as their favorite, which made her brothers sad.

  A. T B. F

  7. The Millers moved back to Chicago in 1896.

  A. T B. F

  8. Agnes studied mathematics when she was in college.

  A. T B. F

  9. Agnes first came to realize that women were treated unequally when she started her college life.

  A. T B. F

  10. An editor in New York liked both the ideas in her letters and her writing style.

  A. T B. F

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